Maritime Museum of BC, 3153

This item is a Photostat copy of a 1775 map of Newfoundland and Labrador. This map was recorded from surveys done by Captain James Cook, the famed British Naval Captain and Navigator. Surveying is a scientific measurement of features of Earth’s surface. From these measurements, you can create an incredibly accurate map.

Captain Cook is well-known for his three expeditions on the Pacific Ocean. But he also studied mathematics and geometry, and was a skilled surveyor. Over the course of four years, he mapped most of Newfoundland and Labrador. This is very impressive considering the technology of the time. In a pinch, you could navigate using one of these maps today!